Growing marijuana can seem like a daunting and risky undertaking for individuals new to the industry. Farming the plant is easy, but how to start confuses most farmers. The weightiest dilemma most farmers face is whether to plant their cannabis plants in-house or outdoors.
If you want to get quality products like whats offered in your favorite weed dispensary, then you should follow these essential tips. This guide will look at the essentials of growing cannabis indoors.
Growing Cannabis Indoors Vs. Growing Cannabis Outdoors
Before you make a final decision, contrast the pros and cons of planting inside as well as outside. An indoor environment not only offers optimum climate conditions but also secures your grow site. Manage your priorities, but remember an essential aspect you should consider is your safety (and the weed) and the prosperity of your harvest.
Some farmers see the optimum climate conditions provided by indoor cultivation as an advantage. Growing indoors gives you control over every detail. However, without your effort, you won’t get the optimum results. On the other hand, outdoor planting is less costly and requires less monitoring. Before starting out, one should read the guide on harvesting weed to get insights on effective weed plantation.
In an outdoor habitat, carbon (IV) oxide, nutrients, water, oxygen, sunlight, and wind are available. Nonetheless, you decide what your plants should have access to in an indoor habitat. If you are an experienced grower, indoor cultivation can help you maximize your harvest and obtain a better yield compared to growing outdoors.
Ultimately, the choice of where to grow cannabis lies with you. Select the one that gives you confidence going into the future, depending on your ability to manage the farm. Here are the five essentials of growing cannabis at home.
Marijuana grow checklist
1. Grow Room
The first question that most beginners ask when starting to cultivate marijuana is where to place all the plants. They find themselves torn between a room, closet, or tent. Out of the options, experts recommend constructing a growing room. However, building a grow room requires special skills to allow you to make essential features like drilling into the roof of the planting area to attach the grow lights.
Your grow room should have loads of reflective material around the cultivation space. An alternative option is buying a pre-wrapped grow room in the form of a tent. But make sure that it has essential features like a proper air circulation system.
But if you want to go with a closet, then you should be ready for lots of handy work, drilling, and building if you intend to transform a closet into a planting zone. To save some time and effort, you can decide to get a ready-made tent. They have more strings to their bow and are easy to install.
2. Growing Medium
When growing cannabis, choosing the right medium is of prime importance. You should take your time deciding which medium to use because it determines the success of your crops and might save you lots of trouble in your farming.
A growing medium is a substance that the roots attach to. There are various mediums that you can use to cultivate cannabis, such as soil, Rockwool, coir, perlite, aeroponics, and expanded clay granule. You need to choose a medium that gives the roots enough room to grow and has a sufficient supply of oxygen, water, and nutrients.
Your plants cannot produce good yield without quality grow lights. All plants require a reliable and robust source of light for growth, and cannabis is no different. In an indoor setting, you will need lights that allow you to control the intensity and spectrum.
That doesn’t mean you have to purchase the most massive grow light available. Instead, use your canopy size, the area occupied by your plants in the growing zone, as a guide when making purchases.
Marijuana plants can grow up to five feet tall. The light watts you need will depend on the size of your room covered by the plants. Once you have the figures, you can then order high-intensity or LED grow lights.
For healthy weed, it is vital to have fresh air circulating across your garden. Ventilation is critical as it prevents stagnant air from accumulating, helps in humidity and temperature control, and strengthens branches. It also prevents stunted maturity.
Stale air clogs the cannabis’ stoma, leading to impaired growth. It is almost impossible to keep humidity and temperature levels at an optimum without proper air circulation. A pleasant breeze in your canopy will assist in strengthening your plant stems so they can support dense colas.
There are several things you should remember when running your aeration system:
- Place openings high for good ventilation. It allows hot air to move out easily.
- Pump fresh air from the lowest point of your tent or grow room.
- Have around two oscillating fans pointing at both the top and bottom of your canopy.
- Obtain fresh air from a place without stale air.
5. Control of the Environment
Being unaware of your humidity and temperature levels is costly. You risk killing your plants, stale growth, pest infestation, and having stressed out cannabis if both levels are not right. Constant checking of those two factors will prolong the life span of your plants.
Humidity levels shouldn’t exceed 70%, and temperatures should vary between 65-80 degrees F. High humidity may lead to lockout or nutrient burn, root rot, or nutrient deficiencies, while low humidity can result in curling leaves, wilting, and small plants.
High temperatures may result in impaired photosynthesis and water evaporation, while low temperatures can lead to moisture build-up and poor nutrient absorption.
This is a simple guide to get you running, but you need to do some further research to ensure the setup you choose works for your case. Even after deciding on where to grow your plants, there are other factors you will have to consider like seeds and growing medium.
Growing weed at home is convenient and cost-saving. If you follow these essential tips, then its no doubt that you’ll end up with a good harvest. The goal is to get high-quality weed to enjoy the desired effect.